Real name was Klaus Hinrich Klahn
Born in Holstein in 1776
Henry Shultz was a spectacularly public figure, but he carried secrets to his grave. One of them was who he really was. 165 years after his death the secret has been revealed, with grateful thanks to Jürgen Möller.
Augusta existed to collect cotton, and get the cotton to a seaport. The most available seaport for Augusta was Savannah, 231 river miles away. Hamburg existed to collect cotton, Augusta’s cotton if possible, and get the cotton to a South Carolina seaport. That was Hamburg’s drumbeat, to keep South Carolina commerce at home, which was part of the deal for support from the state legislature. So Hamburg boats routinely sailed right past Savannah, and beat their way another 101 miles behind the sea islands to Charleston.
Steamboat and Rail routes from Hamburg to Savannah. The sea islands route from Savannah to Charleston is only my guess. From 1833 Tanner Map of SC, Library of Congress rr002990
In Random Recollections of a Long Life, the priceless Edwin J. Scott plainly states that Shultz took his life in his hands after a court ruling against his ownership of the bridge. “In a fit of desperation… he attempted to commit suicide by discharging a loaded pistol in his mouth, but it happened to range upwards and outwards, so that the load came out between his eyes, frightfully mutilating him for the time, and leaving indelible marks of the powder in his face, yet, strange to say, he recovered, with his eyesight unimpaired….
“DIED, on Sunday last [28 September 1817], Mr. LEWIS COOPER. He was an ingenious mechanic, and the principal architect who constructed the bridge which now proudly ornaments our river. He has left an amiable wife and children to regret his loss.” (Augusta Chronicle, 1 October 1817.)
Lewis Cooper headstone at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, Augusta, Georgia. ‘In veneration of his Character & as a tribute of Respect to his Memory this Stone is erected by his disconsolate widow and surviving Children, to mark the spot where lie the Remains of LEWIS COOPER, A Native of Newark (New Jersey) who died Sept. 28, 1817; Aged 32 years.’
“Bare breasted wolfwoman hoisting a scales in a swamp”: quaint embossed paper seal, folded and ornately cut then stuck on the document with red wax. Used until his death in 1851. HENRY SHULTZ HAMBURG.SO.CA. 2’July 1821
In English writings the name of the Founder of Hamburg, SC is properly spelled ‘Henry Shultz’.
The Augusta Bridge 1816 as depicted on a Bridge Bill, with prominent toll booths and heavy traffic. (Courtesy Carl A. Anderson and David Marsh, Georgia Obsolete Currency)
The new wonder crop, cotton, gave upcountry South Carolina a product to sell rather than simply eat. Cotton had to be delivered to a cash market, either Charleston on the coast, or the fall line port of Augusta. But Augusta was on the wrong side of the Savannah River, and as described by Henry Shultz himself, at least two previous attempts to build a bridge there had failed.
“. . . . in the year 1791 the Legislature of the State of South Carolina granted to Wade Hampton the power to build a Bridge across the Savannah River from the State to the City of Augusta Georgia, at his own expense . . . . the said Wade Hampton built two bridges, one after the other at great expense both of which were swept away by the flood of the river, after which this great enterprize was abandoned as altogether impracticable and so remained, until 1813 . . . “
After 140 years, all eight citizens who died during the Hamburg Massacre have been recognized. Their names are listed on a granite memorial, installed in front of the new historical marker.